Live Notes

The Live Notes are the sources and references used in the exhibition catalogue. For readers who have a copy of the catalogue, please click on the following:

Chapter 1
Riding The Japanese Tiger: The Indian National Army

Chapter 2
The Empire Strikes Back

Chapter 3
Surrender: The Nippon Sun Sets

Chapter 4
A New Light in Singapore

Chapter 5
Trials of the War

Chapter 6
The Blood Debt

Chapter 7
Remembering the War Dead

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Chapter 7: Remembering the War Dead

7.1 Singapore War Memorial Committee

  1. Memorandum dated 22 December 1945, Reference: BMA Chinese Affairs/81/45/(1).

  2. Letter on War Memorial from Adviser, Chinese Affairs H T Pagden dated 2 April 1946.

  3. Ibid.

  4. Ibid.

  5. Letter on War Memorial from the Chief Secretary to the Colonial Secretary dated 20 May 1946.

  6. Extract of Minutes of Advisory Council Meeting of 30 May 1946.

  7. Internal Note for Colonial Secretary on Singapore War Memorial relating to Memorial's scope, site, general layout and committee to be formed.

  8. Minutes of Ad hoc Committee appointed to consider a Singapore War Memorial dated 25 July 1946.

  9. Minutes of Meeting of Singapore War Memorials Committee held at Chinese Secretariat on 6 September 1946.

  10. Minutes of Third Meeting of the Singapore War Memorials Committee held at the Chinese Secretariat on 14 October 1946.

  11. Ibid.

  12. Minutes of Meeting of Singapore War Memorials Committee held at Chinese Secretariat on 18 December 1946.

  13. Letter from Acting Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore to Colonial Secretary dated 10 February 1947.

  14. The Sunday Times, "The Cenotaph Plan Shelved", 26 September 1948.

  15. Letter from Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore to Acting Colonial Secretary on Singapore War Memorial Fund dated 14 July 1950.

  16. Letter from Acting Colonial Secretary to Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore on Singapore War Memorial Fund dated 16 August 1950.

  17. Letter from Acting Colonial Secretary to Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore on Inscription on the new panels for the 1939-45 War Memorial dated 28 August 1950.

  18. Ibid.

  19. Letter from Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore to Acting Colonial Secretary on Inscription of the new panels for the 1939-1945 War Memorial dated 1 September 1950.

  20. Letter from Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Singapore to Acting Colonial Secretary on Inscription of the new panels for the 1939-1945 War Memorial dated 28 October 1950.

  21. Ibid.

  22. Letter from T W Ong to Secretary for Chinese Affairs on Singapore War Memorial Fund dated 18 July 1950.

  23. Letter from Secretary for Chinese Affairs Singapore to Convener, Straits Chinese British Association on Volunteer Memorial Fund dated 22 March 1951.


7.2 The Civilians

  1. 联合早报,"总商会挖掘遗骸"; Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce. Memorial to the Civilian Victims of the Japanese Occupation Record of Donations, p.19.

  2. Oral history interview, 1983, in English, Acc 232 Reel 61.

  3. Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce. Memorial to the Civilian Victims of the Japanese Occupation Record of Donations. Message by Mr Soon Peng Yam, p.2.

  4. Ibid. "Events Leading Up to the Building of the Memorial to the Civilian Victims of the Japanese Occupation," p.5.

  5. Ibid.

  6. Speech by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, at the unveiling ceremony of the memorial to Civilian Victims of Japanese Occupation, February, 15, 1967. NA 1248. Source: Ministry of Culture, Open access.

  7. Ministry of Finance, File Reference MF (ED) 0055/66 Vol. 1, "Memorandum from the Minister for Finance Japanese Special Grant and Special Loan (Previously Referred to as Blood Debt)", 27 October 1969, pp.1-2.


7.3 The Allies

  1. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. "Kranji War Cemetery and the Singapore Memorials."

  2. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. "Kranji War Cemetery and the Singapore Memorials"; Wahib, Abdul. Medical Students During the Japanese Invasion of Singapore, 1941-1942. Singapore: Academy of Medicine, 1987. 250.


Box Story : The Poppy Day

  1. The Royal British Legion, available at http://www.britishlegion.org.uk/

  2. Oral history interview, 2004, in English, Acc 2828 Reels 23 & 24.

  3. Oral history interview, 1999, in English, Acc 2114 Reel 4.


7.4 The Japanese

  1. The Straits Times. "Revisiting Yasukuni (the truth behind it), 4 May 2006; "A chance to resolve the Yasukuni issue", 22 July 2006; "Where war criminals rest with goddess", 14 August 2006; "Going beyond Yasukuni", 18 August 2006.


 7.5 Taking History as a Lesson

  1. Speech by Member of Parliament for Queenstown Jek Yeun Thong at the official opening of the exhibition "Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945" on Friday 15 February 1985 at 5.30 pm.
  1. The Straits Times, "Eye-opener for two anti-war Japanese", 16 February 1985, p.1.

  2. Diplomatic Bluebook 1991, Japanís Diplomatic Activities, available at
    http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/other/bluebook/1991/1991-contents.htm
    Policy Speech by Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu during His ASEAN Visit (May 3, 1991) Japan and ASEAN : Seeking a Mature Partnership for the New Age, Appendix 2 (2) available at http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/other/bluebook/1991/1991-appendix-2.htm#(2)%20Policy%20Speech%20by%20Prime%20Minister%20Toshiki%20Kaifu%20during%20His%20ASEAN%20Visit

  3. Speech by Senior Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew at Asahi Shimbun Symposium in Tokyo on 9 May 1991.

  4. Ibid.

  5. The Straits Times, "A tribute to Lim Bo Seng", 30 June 1994, p.23.

  6. The Straits Times, "Peace boat's images of war", 12 July 1995, p.19.

  7. The Straits Times, "Where the war left its mark", 9 June 1995, p.29.

  8. The Straits Times, "Remembering Chinese massacred during war", 24 July 1995, pp.35 & The Straits Times, "Major war sites marked, others will be considered", 15 August 1995, p.28 (Forum).


7.6 Interpretative Centres

  1. The Straits Times, "Make bungalow at WWII battleground a museum", 1 March 1992, p.16.

  2. The Straits Times, "Ford factory here to be marked for preservation", 12 February 1996, p.3.


7.7 Lest We Forget

  1. Interview given by Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew to Asahi Shimbun on 19 December 1994.

  2. Interview given by Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew to Vanessa Harrison of BBC Radio 4 on 25 September 2001 at Istana.

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