Live Notes

The Live Notes are the sources and references used in the exhibition catalogue. For readers who have a copy of the catalogue, please click on the following:

Chapter 1
Riding The Japanese Tiger: The Indian National Army

Chapter 2
The Empire Strikes Back

Chapter 3
Surrender: The Nippon Sun Sets

Chapter 4
A New Light in Singapore

Chapter 5
Trials of the War

Chapter 6
The Blood Debt

Chapter 7
Remembering the War Dead

Return to main

 

 

 

 
 

Chapter 6: The Blood Debt

  1. Shu Yun-Tsiao and Chua Ser-Koon (eds.), Malayan Chinese Resistance to Japan 1937-1945 – Selected Source Materials, Singapore: Cultural & Historical Publishing House, p.80.


6.1 Tan Kah Kee and the Appeal Committee for Singapore Chinese Victims Massacred by Japanese (SCMAC)

  1. C.F. Yong, Tan Kah Kee: The making of an Overseas Chinese legend, Singapore: Oxford University Press (1987), p.302.

  2. The Straits Times, "Memorial to Chinese fallen", 6 February 1946, p.4.

  3. Nanyang Siang Pau, 3 June 1946.

  4. Shu Yun-Tsiao and Chua Ser-Koon (eds.), Malayan Chinese Resistance to Japan 1937-1945 – Selected Source Materials, Singapore: Cultural & Historical Publishing House, p.83.

  5. C.F. Yong, Tan Kah Kee: The making of an Overseas Chinese legend, Singapore: Oxford University Press (1987), p.303.

  6. A Survey of Singapore's Monetary History, Occasional Paper No. 18, January 2000, by Economics Department, Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) p.18, paragraph 3.4 to 3.5, available at
    http://www.mas.gov.sg/~/media/MAS/Monetary%20Policy%20and%20Economics/Education%20and%20Research/Research/Economic%20Staff%20Papers/2000/MASOP018_ed.ashx

  7. The Straits Times, "$50,000,000 claim on Japs", 11 August 1947, p.1.

  8. Hara Fujio, "Japan and Malaysian Economy: an analysis of the relations started with reparations after the end of World War II", Formation and restructing of business groups in Malaysia, ASEDP No. 23 (1983), p.136, and Steven C Clemons, "America's complicity in Japan's history amnesia", JAPAN Policy Research Institute (JPRI) Critique Vol VIII No. 7 (October 2001).

  9. The Straits Times, "Graves of 1,300 discovered", 13 September 1951, p.7.


6.2 The Role of Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce (SCCC)

  1. The Straits Times, "Mass war graves found in Siglap's valley of death", 24 February 1962, p.4.

  2. The Straits Times, "Discovery of 40 more mass graves in Siglap", 27 February 1962, p.4.

  3. Legislative Assembly Debates: Government Policy on "Mass Graves" of people  massacred by Japanese, Third session of the First Legislative Assembly, 14 March 1962, Vol. 17, Hansard (online) Start Col: 12 and End Col: 14.

  4. Notes on the application for special exhumation licences by the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce (covering the period 13 March 1962 to 19 June 1962).

  5. Record of a meeting between Prime Minister and Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce at Prime Minister's Office on 28 June 1962.

  6. Legislative Assembly Debates: Government Policy on "Mass Graves" of people massacred by Japanese, Third session of the First Legislative Assembly, 29 June 1962, Vol. 18, Hansard (online) Start Col: 285 and End Col: 286.

  7. Letter from Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce (SCCC) to Prime Minister dated 7 July 1962.

  8. Letter from Appeal Committee for Singapore Chinese Massacred by Japanese (SCMAC) to Ministry of Health dated 20 July 1962.

  9. Letter from Ministry of Health to Appeal Committee for Singapore Chinese Massacred by Japanese (SCMAC) dated 24 July 1962.

  10. English version of a text of speech by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, at a meeting of the memorial fund committee at the Victoria Theatre on Sunday, April 21, 1963, at 10 a.m., paragraph 6.

  11. The Straits Times, "Japanese offer 'ridiculously small' says Ko", 27 June 1963, p.4.

  12. Legislative Assembly Debates: Government Policy on "Mass Graves" of people massacred by Japanese, Fourth session of the First Legislative Assembly, 30 July 1963, Vol. 21, Hansard (online) Start Col: 293 and End Col: 294.

  13. Letter from President of Singapore Chamber of Commerce Ko Teck Kin to the Prime Minister dated 5 August 1963.

  14. The Straits Times, "Mr Ko plans a rally of 100,000", 8 August 1963, p.1.

  15. Speech by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, at a mass rally on the Padang on Sunday, August 25, 1963.

  16. Ibid.

  17. The Malayan Times, "Japanese in S'pore invite Premier Ikeda", 29 August 1963.

  18. The Malay Mail, "Blood debt move", 30 August 1963.

  19. The Straits Times, "Blood debt: Japan given 10 days", 6 September 1963, p.1.

  20. The Malayan Times, "Blood debt: Malaysia Govt. will discuss with Japan", 14 September 1963.

  21. The Malayan Times, "Japanese ships' boycott", 23 September 1963.

  22. The Straits Times, "I'll see the Japanese envoy soon: Tengku", 29 September 1963, p.8.

  23. The Malay Mail, "Tengku will consult Chambers before blood debt decision", 24 October 1963.

  24. The Straits Times, "Blood debt: 'Put it off' call to Tengku", 1 April 1965, p.7.

  25. Transcript of a speech by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, at the Chinese Chamber of Commerce on 4th July 1966, pp.2 to 4.

  26. The Straits Times, "$25m grant, $25m loans settle Singapore's blood debt", 26 October 1966, p.20.

 

Another valued publication brought to you by:

Copyright © 2012 National Archives of Singapore.