Live Notes

The Live Notes are the sources and references used in the exhibition catalogue. For readers who have a copy of the catalogue, please click on the following:

Chapter 1
Riding The Japanese Tiger: The Indian National Army

Chapter 2
The Empire Strikes Back

Chapter 3
Surrender: The Nippon Sun Sets

Chapter 4
A New Light in Singapore

Chapter 5
Trials of the War

Chapter 6
The Blood Debt

Chapter 7
Remembering the War Dead

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Chapter 5: Trials of the War

5.1 War Crime Trials in Manila and Tokyo

  1. The Straits Times, 25 January 1946. "Yamashita Crimes Catalogued."

  2. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/30, "Report on Interrogation of General Tomoyuki Yamashita by Major C.H.D. Wild, 'E' Group, SEAC at Manila, 28 October 1945", pp.1-3.

  3. Ibid.

  4. The British Library, File Reference M/4/3040, "United Nations War Crimes Commission. New Text of the Charter of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East." 24 May 1946, p.1.


5.2 War Crime Trials in Singapore

  1. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 235/813, "War Crime Courts" trial proceedings (No. 65001 JAG) by Brigadier F.G.T. Davis, D.J.A.G. Allied Land Forces, S.E.A., 27 February 1946, pp.1-7; File Reference WO 235/813, "Opening Address of Lieut.-Col. R.S. Lazarus (R.A.S.C.), pp.1-8; The Straits Times, 19 January 1946. "Japanese War Crime Trials Begin On Monday"; 22 January 1946. "South-East Asia's First War Crimes Trial Opens."

  2. Oral history interview, 1982 in Hokkien, Acc 135 Reel 30.

  3. The Straits Times, 22 January 1946. "The Trial, Story of Brutaility and Starvation."

  4. The Straits Times, 2 February 1946. "Death For Nakamura: Twelve Years For Gozowa."

  5. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/103, Outram Road Gaol Case Proceedings – examination of first witness for the Prosecution Colonel Cyril Hugh Dalrimple Wild on 8 August 1946, p.15.

  6. Ibid.

  7. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/103, Outram Road Gaol Case, "Charge Sheet", Commanding REME Base Workshops, Singapore, 20 June 1946.

  8. The Straits Times, 15 April 1947. "Jap Generals Die on Thursday."

  9. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/103, Outram Road Gaol Case Proceedings, unsworn statement by Accused No. 1 – Otsuka Misao, pp.454-457.

  10. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/103, Outram Road Gaol Case Proceedings, p.154.

  11. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/103, Outram Road Goal Case Proceedings – examination of witness for the Prosecution Lt.-Commander Theodore Smits, p.153.

  12. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 325/103, File No. 79 Vol. 3. Outram Road Gaol Case Proceedings, pp.545-546.

  13. Oral History Interview, 1983, in English, Acc 000365 Reel 10.

  14. Oral History Interview, 1984, in English, Acc 000447 Reel 22.

  15. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 235/825, "War Crime Courts" trial proceedings (No. 65012 JAG) by Brigadier F.G.T. Davis, D.J.A.G. Allied Land Forces, S.E.A., 22 March 1946.

  16. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 235/825, The Humble Petition of Lieutenant/General Shimpei Fukuei to the Commander Singapore District submitted by the Japanese Defending Lawyer, p.18.

  17. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 235/825, Verbatim notes of cross-examination of Colonel Wild by Counsel for Defence, p.30.

  18. The Straits Times, 11 March 1947. "Japs' Stories of the 'Chinese Massacre'."

  19. The Straits Times, 21 March 1947. "Massacre Claimed as Military Operation."

  20. The Straits Times, 15 March 1947. "Massacre Described by Survivors.

  21. Oral History Interview, 1983, Acc000232, Reel 61.

  22. National Archives of UK, "Appendix. Particulars of Officers and NCOs wanted by War Crimes Section in Connection with the Singapore Chinese Massacre", 6 October 1947; "Appendix 'A' Summary of the Present Position of the Chinese Massacre Case", 1947.

  23. Tsuji, Masanobu. Singapore 1941-1942 The Japanese Version of the Malayan Campaign of World War II. Introduction by Lt.-Gen. H. Gordon Bennett, Commander, Australian Imperial Force in Malaya (1941-1942), 1959. viii.

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