Live Notes

The Live Notes are the sources and references used in the exhibition catalogue. For readers who have a copy of the catalogue, please click on the following:

Chapter 1
Riding The Japanese Tiger: The Indian National Army

Chapter 2
The Empire Strikes Back

Chapter 3
Surrender: The Nippon Sun Sets

Chapter 4
A New Light in Singapore

Chapter 5
Trials of the War

Chapter 6
The Blood Debt

Chapter 7
Remembering the War Dead

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Chapter 3: Surrender: The Nippon Sun Sets

3.1 The Nippon Sun Sets

  1. Oral history interview, 1985, in English, Acc 612 Reel 4.

  2. Oral history interview, 1984, in English, Acc 374 Reel 20.

  3. Oral history interview, 1993, in English, Acc 1444 Reel 1.

  4. Ibid.

  5. Oral history interview, 1982, in English, Acc 229 Reel 4.

  6. Oral history interview, 2007, in English, Acc 3258 CD 1.

  7. The Derbyshire Record Office, Reference D6022/4/6, "The Daily Telegraph", 12 August 1985.

  8. Oral history interview, 1983, in English, Acc 299 Reel 11.

  9. Oral history interview, 2001, in English, Acc 2275 Reel 3.

  10. Oral history interview, 1984, in English, Acc 475 Reel 10.

  11. Oral history interview, 1983, in English, Acc 299 Reel 11.


3.2 The Return of the British

  1. The National Archives of UK, File Reference ADM 116/5562, "Operation 'TIDERACE'", 1945, p.1.

  2. National Maritime Museum, File Reference HND 4/3, "Operation 'Tide Race'", 8 August 1945, Microfilm No. NAB 1291.

  3. The National Archives of UK, File Reference ADM 116/5562, Proceedings of Operation Tiderace from 4 Aug to 14 Sep 1945 and the activities of H.M.S. Sussex at Singapore, 1945, p.3.

  4. The Derbyshire Record Office, Reference D6022/4/6, "The Daily Telegraph", 12 August 1985.

  5. Details of the procedure can be found in "The National Archives of UK, File Reference ADM 116/5562, Proceedings of Operation Tiderace from 4 Aug to 14 Sep 1945 and the activities of H.M.S. Sussex at Singapore, 1945, pp.3-4."

  6. The Syonan Shimbun, 2 September 1945. "War Prisoners Freed."

  7. The Straits Times, 7 September 1945. "Lady Thomas Hoists The Union Jack."

  8. The Straits Times, 8 September 1945. "Cosmopolis At Sime Road: 27 Nationalities Interned."

  9. The National Archives of UK, File Reference WO 172/7138, "War Diary Intelligence Summary for September 1945", p.2.

  10. The Straits Times, 7 September 1945. "P.O.Ws.' Ordeal Ended."


3.3 Japanese Surrender in Singapore

  1. The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "Japanese In Malaysia Surrender At Singapore."

  2. The Derbyshire Record Office, Reference D6022/4/6, "The Daily Telegraph", 12 August 1985; The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "Empire and Allies."

  3. The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "Japanese in Malaysia Surrender at Singapore."

  4. Ibid.

  5. The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "This is No Negotiated Surrender."

  6. The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "Japanese In Malaysia Surrender At Singapore."

  7. Ibid.

  8. The Derbyshire Record Office, Reference D6022/4/6, "The Daily Telegraph", 12 August 1985.

  9. The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "Half A Million Jap Prisoners In Malayan Region."

  10. The Derbyshire Record Office, Reference D6022/4/6, "The Daily Telegraph", 12 August 1985.

  11. The National Archives of UK, File Reference ADM 199/168, "Report of Proceedings (Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station's letter No. 3001/E.I.15002/45 of 17 September, 1945)", p.15. The Straits Times elaborated: "The Union Jack … was one which had been hidden in the Changi prisoner-of-war camp from the Japanese. In 1942, when the Japanese ordered that the Union Jack and the white flag should be carried through the streets of Singapore they were told by the British officer concerned that no Union Jack was available. All had been burnt. The Japanese accepted this explanation. However, the officer referred to had buried a Union Jack in Changi." Quoted from The Straits Times, 13 September 1945. "The Story Behind the Flag."

  12. Oral history interview, 2003, in English, Acc 2740 Reel 6.

  13. Oral history interview, 1983, in English, Acc 273 Reel 15.

  14. Oral history interview, 2005, in English, Acc 2983 Reel 7.


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