After World War Two, the British captured some 23,
000 INA soldiers and charged them with treason. In November 1945,
the INA trials began at the Red Fort. SN Khan, PK Sahgal and GS
Dhillon, the first three senior INA officers became symbols of
fighting for her Independence. Protests against the trials took
place and in February and March 1946, the Royal Indian Navy and
Royal Indian Air Force mutinied. By then, the end of British India
was clearly apparent and on 15 August 1947, India was free from
The Red Fort, Delhi.
History and Significance of The Red Fort
“Lal Quila” also known as the Red Fort,
derived its name from the red sandstone used in its construction.
A site of memories, the Red Fort had witnessed significant episodes
in India’s history. It was built in 1618 and once housed the
Mughal emperors. Under the British, the Fort became a criminal court.
The first trial was that of Bahadur Shah II, the last Mughal emperor,
whom the British charged with treason for involvement in the 1857
Mutiny. The mutineers had defended the Fort stoutly against the
British. The historic 1945 trials of the INA soldiers were also
From symbolising kingly glory to anti-colonial struggle,
the Red Fort finally became a symbol of Independence when Nehru
unfurled Independent India’s tricolour flag from its ramparts
on 15 August 1947.